The correct way to convert 4ft fluorescent light to LED is to use two different techniques. Follow the following steps and you should be able to do it yourself and save hundreds of dollars in the process.
First, decide what kind of LED you want to put in your project. There are three common types of LED's: PYLC (poly-imide laminated circuit), POM (poly-imide metal-oxide) and PHL (poly-imide high-low). Choosing the right one will affect how you work on your project.
Another step to follow when converting 4ft fluorescent light to LED is to determine what type of bulb you want to use. This is determined by knowing the wattage of the fluorescent light bulbs and the amount of energy your home needs. I've listed the types of fluorescent lights that I know for certain will work for LED conversions below.
LED bulbs use a standard halogen lamp. They operate at a higher wattage than the normal fluorescent bulbs, which is good for LED projects. The longer life span is another benefit to be aware of.
The type of wiring for this project is determined by the PYLC or PEM (picture-in-picture) lighting bulb. These LEDs have a second bulb for each individual LED chip that is located on the chip that is connected to the LED. This makes it possible to put more chips in the same amount of power.
The PYLC (Picture-in-Picture) technology that is used in these LEDs is very efficient. They also produce very little heat. For this reason, they are perfect for use in things like portable LED displays.
The other type of bulb used in these types of LED chips is the PHL (picture-in-the-Hood) LED. This bulb uses a metal-oxide film that acts as a reflector to bounce the energy back out of the bulb. For LED projects that use the PYLC technology, this is the bulb that is recommended. As you can see, both bulbs are equally effective.
Another thing you need to be aware of is how to apply the wiring for the conversion. Most of the time you will find all the wiring and fittings already in place. In some cases though, you may have to cut off a connector, remove insulation, and solder in the new wiring.
The next step to follow when converting 4ft fluorescent light to LED is to determine where you want to place the LED. The most common location is in the back of a fixture. However, you can also place them in the middle, in the front, or even on the side.
The problem with using the back of a fixture is that you will have limited space for the LED chip. If you want a larger LED you will have to place it in the front of the fixture.
Finally, you must figure out how many LEDs you need for your project. An LED chip usually has four pins. That means you will need to connect four LEDs to your equipment.
Once you have the hardware in place and you know where you want to place the LED, you can start figuring out how to connect the chips to the circuit. Finally, we finish off by talking about the wiring. Make sure you connect all the connections correctly and follow the easy to follow instructions.